- Identity Theft and the American Citizen
- What is Identity Theft?
- Keeping Personal Information Secure
- Red Flags and How to Spot Them
- What To Do With a Case of Stolen Identity
- Identity Theft Statistics
- Further Reading
Identity Theft and the American Citizen
We live in an age where technology runs the show and our data is constantly being programmed into various sites for purchases, social media, blogs, and so on. This personal – and sensitive – information is stored “safely” in sites and servers with the assumption that each is secure – but in reality, there are many out there who have access to it.
According to the Bureau of Justice in 2014, “About 7% of persons age 16 or older were victims of identity theft.” At the time, the population was approximately 318.9 million, meaning that roughly 22.323 million were suffered from identity theft. While not as common as other crimes, it’s still pretty prevalent and it can (and has) wreak havoc in anyone’s life.
Identity theft can be a huge inconvenience, and even temporarily ruin the life of the affected due to a lack of cash, credit, and government information. Fortunately, there are several ways to help fight the theft should it occur, but the best protection is solid prevention.
This guide was designed to help others avoid identity theft: what to look for, how to prevent it, and what to do if it happens to you.
What is Identity Theft?
Identity theft is fairly straightforward and self-explanatory: it occurs when one’s private and personal information, like their name, social security number and credit card numbers, are stolen and used by someone else. The Federal Bureau of Justice defines it as, “The unauthorized use or attempted use of existing accounts, or the unauthorized use or attempted use of personal information, to open a new account or for other fraudulent purposes.” It can very quickly and easily destroy one’s credit score, therefore, destroying opportunities for healthcare, insurance, and even obtaining utilities like gas and electric. There are several different kinds of identity theft, including:
- Medical ID theft
- Child ID theft
- Social ID theft
- Senior ID theft
- Tax ID theft
Identity theft is a serious crime but often goes unpunished as it can be very difficult to pinpoint the location and identity of the person using the alternate, stolen identity. Because regaining a stolen identity is extremely tedious, the best defense is a good offense.
Keeping Personal Information Secure
The first and most important step in avoiding identity theft is making sure sensitive information is protected. This includes monitoring all personal accounts, even (and especially) social media. Knowing exactly what information is posted both publicly and included in bank statements can make or break your data safety. There are several actions that should be taken to prevent identity theft:
Avoid Posting Personal Information
Social media may seem like a welcome escape from the real world, a place where your drab work environment fades away – at least momentarily. But identity thieves are constantly scanning for profiles that share plethoras of personal information, as many password security questions include information like a favorite pet’s first name or Mother’s maiden name. To reduce the possibility of identity theft, avoid posting anything that could be used to gain access to personal and sensitive information regarding credit.
Regular Credit Report Check
Monitoring your credit score will make any abnormalities obvious, which can then be reported to authorities and properly disputed as fraudulent. Each of these three major credit agencies will provide one free credit report annually, and – if staggered – offers a look into possible credit disruptions every four months.
Online access to bank accounts is imperative to catching identity theft and nipping it in the bud. Checking your bank accounts regularly, even daily, is the absolute best way to catch identity theft before it becomes consuming.
Personal Document Review
Thoroughly reviewing personal documents (credit reports and tax files) and keeping them in a secure place like a safe or locking filing cabinet ensures that you understand exactly what each document contains while also preventing them from possible theft or manipulation. This makes it extremely difficult for identity thieves to forge or change paperwork.
Avoid Carrying Sensitive Information
This key point is commonly ignored or forgotten, which only reinforces why it is so important to adhere to. Carrying personal information like a social security card is dangerous for identity theft. If a wallet with something like a social security card is stolen – stealing an identity becomes extremely easy. It’s also important to be aware of “shoulder surfers” – those who hover while you’re using an ATM or relay eavesdropped credit card information when you’re on a phone call.
Do Not Fall for Email Scams
Emails that are automatically sent to spam may contain seemingly- legitimate offers or services, and might even appear to be from your bank. However, legit banks and businesses know that it’s of absolute importance that credit card information is never sent out or requested via email. Many online shops steal information via email so be sure to research the validity before entering sensitive information.
Red Flags and How to Spot Them
Fortunately, there are many ways to discern whether or not identity theft is taking place.
- One of the most obvious warnings is money disappearing from an account without explanation. Unfortunately, the explanation is almost always identity theft.
- Another warning sign is never receiving bills. Identity thieves will often change the address on bank accounts and the like so that bills aren’t received by their rightful owner. This makes it possible for the thief to continue stealing for a longer period of time, as there are no physical records to look over. Because of this bill diversion, it’s extremely important that accounts be regularly checked to ensure theft is not taking place.
- Insurance or healthcare refusing to provide treatment due to the balance, or because of a medical condition not previously documented is usually a telltale sign of someone using stolen insurance coverage.
- In some cases, the IRS may send a notification that multiple tax returns have been filed under a single name. This means that an identity thief has gathered enough information to create an entirely different life from you, and this can be very difficult to resolve.
What To Do With a Case of Stolen Identity
Assuming that the proper authorities were notified upon the first occurrence, identity theft should be taken care of quickly and with very little fuss. Unfortunately, cases like this are rare, with the majority of identity theft situations going unnoticed for months and even years. The best actions taken in the event of identity theft are, according to the United States Department of Justice:
- Call the companies in which fraud has occurred.
- Place a fraud alert.
- Report the identity theft to the Federal Trade Commission (FTC).
- File a report at a local police station.
After the identity theft has been filed with the FTC, the United States Government recommends printing the affidavit and bringing it to the police station, as the affidavit and theft report will be highly valued in a federal case.
After all possible steps have been taken to regain identity, there’s little else to do but wait and fill out the remaining paperwork necessary for confirming the true identity. Regrettably, identity thieves are not always caught, and while both credit and identity may be restored to an individual through the federal process, the criminal will often move on to their next victim.
Returning to life per usual after identity theft can be difficult, as federal disputes and actually charging the criminal can be a tedious and extraordinarily time-consuming process. While identity theft can be stopped before it starts via careful monitoring and proper precaution, there are millions of cases every year of severe identity theft, and the hardship it causes those affected. Because the impact of identity theft can be so significant, it’s important that all measures are taken to protect an identity before it is stolen.
Identity Theft Statistics
- According to the Insurance Information Institute: $16 billion was stolen from 15.4 million U.S. consumers in 2016, compared with $15.3 billion and 13.1 million victims a year earlier.
- In the past six years, identity thieves have stolen over $107 billion.
- Of the types of identity theft committed, 49.2% is made of government documents and benefits fraud, while only 15.8% is contributed through credit cards.
This increase in both identity theft and amount stolen through identity theft indicates a need for better security, in addition to greater awareness of the information being put into society through the internet and word of mouth.
- According to the Identity Theft Resource Center ITRC’s 2015 Breach Report, there were more than 165 million SSN’s exposed, more than 10 times the number compromised in 2014.
This rise is astounding, but should only be intimidating to those that do not have secure backup plans and understand the process of identity theft. The absolute best way to stay protected, even through SSN using leading to identity theft, is to maintain knowledge of how to react and what actions are best for each specific identity theft situation.