Safest Cities in Alabama

Arizona – Once part of Mexico, this state is known for its wide open vistas, the Grand Canyon and its legendary historic “Western” status. It is ranked 14th in state population terms, with a 2017 estimate putting the total number of inhabitants at just over 7 million.

Originally the state’s income was derived largely from natural resources, such as copper mining. Although that sector continues, today the economy has diversified into areas such as tourism, healthcare and agriculture. Average household income levels are estimated to be around $50,000, placing it 22nd in the US and slightly below the national average.

2.97 Average violent crime per 1,000
26.83 Average property crime per 1,000

Arizona is moderately well-positioned in terms of crime statistics when compared to national averages, although there are inevitably local “hot spots” where crime figures are higher. State averages show that:

  • It’s the 22nd safest state for property crime (where 1st = lowest crime)
  • Arizona’s violent crime rate is under the national average with a ratio of 0.86 based upon 2.97 crimes per 1,000 versus a national average of 3.47.
  • It has property crime levels of 26.83 per 1,000 with the national average being 40.43 – giving a ratio of 0.66.

Some parts of the state have very low crime statistics with the safest statistically being:

  1. Florence
  2. Oro Valley
  3. Paradise Valley
  4. Somerton
  5. Sahuarita

Safest Cities in Arizona, 2019

RankCityViolent CrimesProperty CrimesViolent Crime RateProperty Crime Rate
1Florence191230.7424.800
2Oro Valley176260.38414.147
3Paradise Valley62220.41015.175
4Somerton191601.26010.609
5Sahuarita283280.95311.167
6Maricopa916041.91712.725
7Cottonwood493804.04431.363
8Scottsdale3965,4701.57221.720
9Nogales435732.16328.826
10Buckeye321,1520.47717.156
11Gilbert2073,3550.85513.858
12Marana401,1840.88626.239
13Mesa2,04710,6924.15821.720
14San Luis445231.34115.934
15Prescott Valley869411.95921.439
16Lake Havasu City1201,1642.22521.581
17Apache Junction809651.96723.726
18Camp Verde332882.92125.489
19Yuma4912,5955.14027.167
20Chandler6475,8092.59523.296
21Surprise1202,4210.88717.888
22Peoria4143,3852.49620.405
23Show Low604345.37538.878
24Snowflake-Taylor452374.48923.641
25Prescott1579033.65321.012
26Coolidge395303.08441.914
27Payson585563.74135.862
28Douglas416572.49339.956
29Eloy905085.12828.943
30Sierra Vista1911,2874.45630.029
31Goodyear2102,2802.64428.708
32Tempe8837,6694.74541.212
33El Mirage851,0052.38728.222
34Phoenix12,51160,3537.60936.707
35Flagstaff3072,7294.24137.700
36Avondale2573,3473.05839.826
37Glendale1,21711,2934.88245.304
38Kingman1311,4454.48949.519
39Tucson4,26827,9568.01852.517

METHODOLOGY

To identify the safest cities in Arizona, we reviewed the most recent FBI Uniform Crime Report statistics. A total of 7,639 cities were factored into this ranking with populations ranging from 7,639 to 4,007,147. However, we eliminated any cities that failed to submit a complete crime report to the FBI and removed cities with populations under 10,000.

Overall, data from 8,793 law enforcement agencies that represented more 193 million of the US population helped us draw interesting insights between the size of the police force and incidence of crime.

There are two broad classifications of crimes: violent crimes and non-violent crimes. According to the FBI, “Violent crime is composed of four offenses: murder and non-negligent manslaughter, rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. Violent crimes are defined in the UCR Program as those offenses that involve force or threat of force. Property crime includes the offenses of burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson. The object of the theft-type offenses is the taking of money or property, but there is no force or threat of force against the victims. ”

We computed the total number of crimes reported by each city by adding violent crimes and property crimes. We then rated them using the population of the city and created a crime rate as the number of crimes per 1,000 population. Then we transformed the total crime rate variable so that the skewness was reduced and we normalized it so the final number became a score between 0 and 1.

Next, we computed a new variable called Police Adequacy (TotalCrimes / Number of police employees). We consider that the smaller the police adequacy statistic is, the safer the city is. We transformed and normalized this police adequacy variable also, resulting in a score between 0 and 1. Finally, we combined the two scores to create a safety score for each city.

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