Georgia – A state forever associated with “The Deep South” and one of the original 13 colonies, it has played a pivotal role in much of earlier and more recent US history. Its present-day population is slightly over 10 million, of whom a little over half a million are assessed as being illegal immigrants.
Once famed for its cotton and agriculture but with high levels of poverty, today’s state economy was boosted by previous booms which resulted in Atlanta becoming a major employment and wealth-generation hub. One of the states known to be part of the “sunshine belt”, it is now a center of export shipping via Savannah, manufacturing, investment and technology. It is also one of only 15 US states with a “AAA” credit rating.
Georgia’s median per capita income is in the range of $50,000-60,000, which falls in line with national averages. Despite widespread economic wealth, the state’s crime averages continue to be at - or above - national levels. They include:
- It’s the 42nd safest state for property crime (where 1st = lowest crime)
- Georgia has a violent crime rate significantly above the national average with a ratio of 1.25 based upon 4.33 violent crimes per 1,000 versus the national average figure of 3.47.
- Property crime is marginally below national levels at 39.23 against the national level of 40.43 – giving a ratio of 0.97.
In spite of the above, parts of Georgia have low crime statistics. The five safest locations statistically are:
- Holly Springs
- Johns Creek
Safest Cities in Georgia, 2019
|Rank||City||Violent Crimes||Property Crimes||Violent Crime Rate||Property Crime Rate|
To identify the safest cities in Georgia, we reviewed the most recent FBI Uniform Crime Report statistics. A total of 7,639 cities were factored into this ranking with populations ranging from 7,639 to 4,007,147. However, we eliminated any cities that failed to submit a complete crime report to the FBI and removed cities with populations under 10,000.
Overall, data from 8,793 law enforcement agencies that represented more 193 million of the US population helped us draw interesting insights between the size of the police force and incidence of crime.
There are two broad classifications of crimes: violent crimes and non-violent crimes. According to the FBI, “Violent crime is composed of four offenses: murder and non-negligent manslaughter, rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. Violent crimes are defined in the UCR Program as those offenses that involve force or threat of force. Property crime includes the offenses of burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson. The object of the theft-type offenses is the taking of money or property, but there is no force or threat of force against the victims. ”
We computed the total number of crimes reported by each city by adding violent crimes and property crimes. We then rated them using the population of the city and created a crime rate as the number of crimes per 1,000 population. Then we transformed the total crime rate variable so that the skewness was reduced and we normalized it so the final number became a score between 0 and 1.
Next, we computed a new variable called Police Adequacy (TotalCrimes / Number of police employees). We consider that the smaller the police adequacy statistic is, the safer the city is. We transformed and normalized this police adequacy variable also, resulting in a score between 0 and 1. Finally, we combined the two scores to create a safety score for each city.