Louisiana – Famed in the US and wider world for its food, music, and at times unpredictable coastal weather systems, the state takes its name from King Louis XIV. Purchased from France in the earlier 19th century as part of a vast area of land which overnight doubled the size of the USA, it quickly became established as part of what would become the “Deep South”.
The state’s population of 4.6 million includes more Native American tribes than any other US state. Large areas of the countryside are essentially natural marsh and swamp which makes it a haven for wildlife. Louisiana’s economy is known for its food and general agricultural products sector. Tourism is also another major contributor. Both shipping and industry are also significant elements in the state’s wealth generation.
Household income in Louisiana at $46,000pa is considerably below US averages and has fallen since 2008. Per capita income around $30,000 is similarly lower and the state ranks approximately 41st in personal income terms.
Crime statistics suggest that Louisiana as a whole has significant problems vis-à-vis the national norms. They include:
- It’s the 48th safest state for property crime (where 1st = lowest crime)
- Violent crime is almost double the national average (ratio 1.87) based upon 6.47 violent crimes per 1,000 compared to the national average figure of 3.47. This is 42nd in safe state rankings.
- Property crimes are also at levels above US norms (ratio 1.13) at 45.65 against the national level of 40.43.
Despite these statistics, some areas have surprisingly lower crime levels. The top 5 safe areas of the state include:
Safest Cities in Louisiana, 2019
|Rank||City||Violent Crimes||Property Crimes||Violent Crime Rate||Property Crime Rate|
To identify the safest cities in Louisiana, we reviewed the most recent FBI Uniform Crime Report statistics. A total of 7,639 cities were factored into this ranking with populations ranging from 7,639 to 4,007,147. However, we eliminated any cities that failed to submit a complete crime report to the FBI and removed cities with populations under 10,000.
Overall, data from 8,793 law enforcement agencies that represented more 193 million of the US population helped us draw interesting insights between the size of the police force and incidence of crime.
There are two broad classifications of crimes: violent crimes and non-violent crimes. According to the FBI, “Violent crime is composed of four offenses: murder and non-negligent manslaughter, rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. Violent crimes are defined in the UCR Program as those offenses that involve force or threat of force. Property crime includes the offenses of burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson. The object of the theft-type offenses is the taking of money or property, but there is no force or threat of force against the victims. ”
We computed the total number of crimes reported by each city by adding violent crimes and property crimes. We then rated them using the population of the city and created a crime rate as the number of crimes per 1,000 population. Then we transformed the total crime rate variable so that the skewness was reduced and we normalized it so the final number became a score between 0 and 1.
Next, we computed a new variable called Police Adequacy (TotalCrimes / Number of police employees). We consider that the smaller the police adequacy statistic is, the safer the city is. We transformed and normalized this police adequacy variable also, resulting in a score between 0 and 1. Finally, we combined the two scores to create a safety score for each city.