Safest Cities Maine - header

Maine – The easternmost state of the Union, this was originally part of Massachusetts until 1820. The origin of the state’s name is unclear although it’s now officially attributed to early French settlers and the historic Duchy of Maine in France. The state is famous for its seafood, rugged coastline and Appalachian scenery.

In 2017, estimates for Maine’s population were around 1.3 million, meaning it is 38th in the list of the most densely populated states. Although famous for its seafood, the industry as a whole has shrunk considerably over recent times. Agriculture remains important and there is also a significant industrial base including naval shipbuilding.

1.54 Average violent crime per 1,000
20.14 Average property crime per 1,000

Average household income levels are below US averages at $56,000. Per capita income is marginally below US averages at $31,000. Maine is statistically one of the safer states in the US with measures very significantly below US averages. Overall state averages show that:

  • It’s the 9th safest state for property crime (where 1st = lowest crime)
  • The violent crime rate is under half the national average with a ratio of 0.44 based upon 1.54 crimes per 1,000 versus a national average of 3.47. When examining violent crime statistics, this makes it the 3rd safest state in the US
  • Property crime is almost exactly half the US average being 20.14 per 1,000 compared to the national average of 40.43.

Even in Maine, some areas are safer than others. Here are the top 5:

  1. Kennebunk
  2. Wells
  3. York
  4. Gotham
  5. Falmouth

Safest Cities in Maine, 2019

RankCityViolent CrimesProperty CrimesViolent Crime RateProperty Crime Rate
1Kennebunk7460.6144.033
2Wells4850.3898.263
3York91430.69110.985
4Gorham111100.6276.266
5Falmouth41220.3269.951
6Scarborough83040.39615.038
7Orono9790.7896.930
8Brunswick293141.40015.161
9Saco273341.39717.277
10Windham102700.55014.856
11Westbrook343951.83221.282
12Portland1861,7672.77326.342
13Lewiston987882.71721.848
14South Portland565782.18122.509
15Augusta555572.99030.282
16Biddeford777253.60233.913
17Auburn407121.74431.050
18Bangor481,2091.50938.002
19Sanford485642.29026.905
20Waterville326941.93742.005

METHODOLOGY

To identify the safest cities in Maine, we reviewed the most recent FBI Uniform Crime Report statistics. A total of 7,639 cities were factored into this ranking with populations ranging from 7,639 to 4,007,147. However, we eliminated any cities that failed to submit a complete crime report to the FBI and removed cities with populations under 10,000.

Overall, data from 8,793 law enforcement agencies that represented more 193 million of the US population helped us draw interesting insights between the size of the police force and incidence of crime.

There are two broad classifications of crimes: violent crimes and non-violent crimes. According to the FBI, “Violent crime is composed of four offenses: murder and non-negligent manslaughter, rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. Violent crimes are defined in the UCR Program as those offenses that involve force or threat of force. Property crime includes the offenses of burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson. The object of the theft-type offenses is the taking of money or property, but there is no force or threat of force against the victims. ”

We computed the total number of crimes reported by each city by adding violent crimes and property crimes. We then rated them using the population of the city and created a crime rate as the number of crimes per 1,000 population. Then we transformed the total crime rate variable so that the skewness was reduced and we normalized it so the final number became a score between 0 and 1.

Next, we computed a new variable called Police Adequacy (TotalCrimes / Number of police employees). We consider that the smaller the police adequacy statistic is, the safer the city is. We transformed and normalized this police adequacy variable also, resulting in a score between 0 and 1. Finally, we combined the two scores to create a safety score for each city.

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