Mississippi – The state’s name suggests warm nights, exotic wildlife, music and a French legacy. Originally under French, Spanish and for a time British colonial rule, Mississippi developed a unique culture that included African influences from the slaves that formed a substantial part of the economy into the mid-19th century.
Once largely cotton and other agriculture based, the economy retains a heavy focus on the land and coastal/river agricultural use. Over-exploitation and natural habitat clearance through the latter 19th and 20th centuries have caused significant environmental problems through increased flooding.
For much of the 20th century, the economy suffered numerous hardships through recessions. Although things are now improved, today Mississippi remains amongst the poorest states in the US. Home to 2.9million people, the state’s average household income at $44,000 is over 10% lower than the US average. Median per capita income is over 20% lower at almost $23,000. By contrast, Mississippi has the lowest living costs of any state.
Broadly speaking, state crime is in line with national averages, illustrated by:
- It is the 40th safest state for property crime (where 1st = lowest crime)
- Violent crime levels are below US averages with a ratio of 0.77 based upon 2.67 violent crimes per 1,000 versus the national average figure of 3.47.
- Property crime is slightly under national levels, at 36.91 against the national figure 40.43 – giving a ratio of 0.91.
Crime varies by location within the state. Overall, the five safest locations statistically are as follows:
Safest Cities in Mississippi, 2019
|Rank||City||Violent Crimes||Property Crimes||Violent Crime Rate||Property Crime Rate|
To identify the safest cities in Mississippi, we reviewed the most recent FBI Uniform Crime Report statistics. A total of 7,639 cities were factored into this ranking with populations ranging from 7,639 to 4,007,147. However, we eliminated any cities that failed to submit a complete crime report to the FBI and removed cities with populations under 10,000.
Overall, data from 8,793 law enforcement agencies that represented more 193 million of the US population helped us draw interesting insights between the size of the police force and incidence of crime.
There are two broad classifications of crimes: violent crimes and non-violent crimes. According to the FBI, “Violent crime is composed of four offenses: murder and non-negligent manslaughter, rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. Violent crimes are defined in the UCR Program as those offenses that involve force or threat of force. Property crime includes the offenses of burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson. The object of the theft-type offenses is the taking of money or property, but there is no force or threat of force against the victims. ”
We computed the total number of crimes reported by each city by adding violent crimes and property crimes. We then rated them using the population of the city and created a crime rate as the number of crimes per 1,000 population. Then we transformed the total crime rate variable so that the skewness was reduced and we normalized it so the final number became a score between 0 and 1.
Next, we computed a new variable called Police Adequacy (TotalCrimes / Number of police employees). We consider that the smaller the police adequacy statistic is, the safer the city is. We transformed and normalized this police adequacy variable also, resulting in a score between 0 and 1. Finally, we combined the two scores to create a safety score for each city.