Safest Cities in New York – 2020

Last Updated on January 19, 2020

Though New York City has considerably low crime for a city its size, and experienced another drop in overall crime in the past year (except in a few key categories such as homicides and robberies), the Big Apple is nowhere near the top of the list of New York State’s safest cities. However, the top five safest cities in the state are all near NYC, located in the wealthy counties of Westchester and Nassau.

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Crime rate per 1,000
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Law enforcement per 1,000

New York’s safest community is Bedford, an affluent town of 18,000 in Westchester County.  Bedford recorded just 4 violent crimes in 2018, resulting in a violent crime rate of 0.22 offenses per 1,000.

#2 Floral Park lies just outside the border of the Queens Borough of New York City in Nassau County, Long Island. The village is a peaceful and safe place to live, logging 2018 crime rates a mere fraction of national levels.

The 3rd safest city in New York is New Castle, another idyllic Westchester County town with wide lawns and historic 18th Century homes. With just one reported violent crime in 2018 and a property crime rate 13% of national levels, New Castle is a model community in terms of safety.

Long Beach (#4) is the 2nd Nassau County community in New York’s top 5. The beach community has a marginally higher rate of violent crime than other entries, perhaps due to its status as a popular tourist destination during the summer months, yet still achieved impressively low crime rates in 2018.

Violent crime is practically nonexistent in #5 Harrison: the wealthy Westchester County town logged 0 violent crimes in 2018. Harrison is kept out of the top spot solely due to its slightly higher property crime rate of 3.51 per 1,00, which is still less than 20% of the nationwide average.

New York’s Safest Cities

NYCityPopulationViolent
crime
Property
crime
Law enforcement
employees
Total crimesCrime rate per 1,000Violent crimes per 1,000Property crimes per 1,000Law enforcement per 1,000
1Bedford Town1803444143452.500.222.272.38
2Floral Park Village1613184646543.350.502.852.85
3New Castle Town1819715339542.970.052.912.14
4Long Beach338012980831093.220.862.372.46
5Harrison Town287410101761013.510.003.512.64
6Tarrytown Village1161774136484.130.603.533.10
7Rye1605065637623.860.373.492.31
8Stony Point Town1566755126563.570.323.261.66
9Kent Town1332615124523.900.083.831.80
10Eastchester Town2045249050944.600.204.402.44
11Lynbrook Village1974512105581175.930.615.322.94
12Mamaroneck Town1233607534756.080.006.082.76
13Carmel Town3438217132411494.330.493.841.19
14Mamaroneck Village1949613127571407.180.676.512.92
15Scarsdale Village182142123481256.860.116.752.64
16East Hampton Town1999211176921879.350.558.804.60
17East Fishkill Town296239136341454.890.304.591.15
18Port Chester Village2981422185642076.940.746.212.15
19East Aurora-Aurora Town1390017920805.760.075.681.44
20Warwick Town184509120381296.990.496.502.06
21Ossining Village2545215188652037.980.597.392.55
22Rockville Centre Village2496020180642008.010.807.212.56
23Schodack Town11747114811595.020.944.090.94
24Hyde Park Town21046991171004.750.434.320.81
25Port Washington195556188701949.920.319.613.58
26Dobbs Ferry Village1118239327968.590.278.322.41
27New Rochelle80340986662187649.511.228.292.71
28Mount Pleasant Town2650614206502208.300.537.771.89
29Southold Town20092172166823311.600.8510.753.38
30Lloyd Town1051097514847.990.867.141.33
31Freeport Village435977042211449211.291.619.682.61
32Southampton Town512315252313157511.221.0210.212.56
33Blooming Grove Town1188888113897.490.676.811.09
34Peekskill24365502246027411.252.059.192.46
35Fallsburg Town12207151092112410.161.238.931.72
36Glens Falls14403241503217412.081.6710.412.22
37Amsterdam17737252014222612.741.4111.332.37
38Lancaster Town37776214056742611.280.5610.721.77
39Manlius Town24417182604427811.390.7410.651.80
40New York8523171461131280515227817416420.435.4115.026.13
41New Paltz Town and Village14075201452416511.721.4210.301.71
42Evans Town16220221772919912.271.3610.911.79
43Tonawanda Town572568976315185214.881.5513.332.64
44Dunkirk11755241703719416.502.0414.463.15
45Cohoes16979461953924114.192.7111.482.30
46New Windsor Town28137403295536913.111.4211.691.95
47Beacon14241261903621615.171.8313.342.53
48Garden City Village22749103586236816.180.4415.742.73
49Mount Vernon68889351975269132619.255.1014.153.90
50Hempstead Village5605932258914891116.255.7410.512.64
51Orchard Park Town29760283314235912.060.9411.121.41
52Webster Town and Village4502335361343968.800.788.020.76
53Kenmore Village15178141852519913.110.9212.191.65
54Clarkstown Town81994711209176128015.610.8714.742.15
55Plattsburgh City19651353125134717.661.7815.882.60
56Saratoga Springs28237634688353118.812.2316.572.94
57North Greenbush Town1221691561816513.510.7412.771.47
58Riverhead Town338125060310165319.311.4817.832.99
59Depew Village15159122503626217.280.7916.492.37
60North Tonawanda30325464005244614.711.5213.191.71
61Camillus Town and Village24462142752728911.810.5711.241.10
62Oneonta City14073331912822415.922.3413.571.99
63West Seneca Town45721626287769015.091.3613.741.68
64Geneva12841312213625219.622.4117.212.80
65Cortland18631283164634418.461.5016.962.47
66Spring Valley Village329091204035952315.893.6512.251.79
67Tonawanda14868272453527218.291.8216.482.35
68Rome32298495407558918.241.5216.722.32
69Bethlehem Town35704274985352514.700.7613.951.48
70Poughkeepsie3058021649411471023.227.0616.153.73
71Ogden Town2028881951420310.010.399.610.69
72Lewiston Town and Village15922131551216810.550.829.730.75
73Amherst Town1213431451766181191115.751.1914.551.49
74Middletown278851105108262022.233.9418.292.94
75Ulster Town12600132322824519.441.0318.412.22
76Lackawanna17904703154738521.503.9117.592.63
77Kingston23077704777354723.703.0320.673.16
78Canandaigua10252241942621821.262.3418.922.54
79Glenville Town21670192932531214.400.8813.521.15
80Niskayuna Town22486233903041318.371.0217.341.33
81Brighton Town36470326134564517.690.8816.811.23
82Wallkill Town29123475414558820.191.6118.581.55
83Oswego City17370364555249128.272.0726.192.99
84Vestal Town28223185213853919.100.6418.461.35
85Hamburg Town46490418886792919.980.8819.101.44
86Watervliet10115362252326125.803.5622.242.27
87Guilderland Town34260276875071420.840.7920.051.46
88Geddes Town1017772151622221.810.6921.131.57
89Colonie Town79842801856153193624.251.0023.251.92
90East Greenbush Town16331124043341625.470.7324.742.02
91Irondequoit Town502129192260101320.171.8118.361.19
92DeWitt Town25268345844461824.461.3523.111.74
93Ithaca31145728157388728.482.3126.172.34
94Corning10643522442329627.814.8922.932.16
95Gloversville14860833633744630.015.5924.432.49
96Newburgh282823296579498634.8611.6323.233.32
97Olean13615444034044732.833.2329.602.94
98Batavia14565633703443329.734.3325.402.33
99Auburn265701377187085532.185.1627.022.63
100Albany983228233147404397040.388.3732.014.11
101Rochester20770116157036863865141.657.7833.884.16
102Syracuse14312910064420488542637.917.0330.883.41
103Troy494912831411134169434.235.7228.512.71
104Cheektowaga Town776481892156158234530.202.4327.772.03
105Greece Town966501892040106222923.061.9621.111.10
106Utica604133811914174229537.996.3131.682.88
107Jamestown2938422781772104435.537.7327.802.45
108Ogdensburg10629323953142740.173.0137.162.92
109Endicott Village12754703973046736.625.4931.132.35
110Newburgh Town312003497857101232.441.0931.351.83
111Schenectady655506202106182272641.599.4632.132.78
112Oneida10940533772743039.314.8434.462.47
113Buffalo258219269298529731254448.5810.4338.153.77
114Watertown2552517590471107942.276.8635.422.78
115Rotterdam Town29882379094494631.661.2430.421.47
116Niagara Falls482254181962164238049.358.6740.683.40
117Johnson City Village14418635964265945.714.3741.342.91
118Binghamton448763261893146221949.457.2642.183.25
119Gates Town28717568233587930.611.9528.661.22
120New Hartford Town and Village2023256912469634.400.2534.151.19

Methodology

To identify the safest cities, we reviewed the most recent FBI Uniform Crime Report statistics. We eliminated any cities that failed to submit a complete crime report to the FBI and cities with populations under 10,000. This left 3,381 cities (out of a total of 9,251). 

There are two broad classifications of crimes: violent crimes and non-violent crimes. According to the FBI, “Violent crime is composed of four offenses: murder and non-negligent manslaughter, rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. Violent crimes are defined in the UCR Program as those offenses that involve force or threat of force. Property crime includes the offenses of burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson. The object of the theft-type offenses is the taking of money or property, but there is no force or threat of force against the victims. ”

We computed the total number of crimes reported by each city by adding violent crimes and property crimes. We then created a crime rate as the number of crimes per 1,000 population. Then we transformed the total crime rate variable so that the skewness was reduced and normalized.

Data from 2,831 law enforcement agencies was then collected to determine police adequacy (TotalCrimes / Number of police employees).  We consider that the smaller the police adequacy statistic is, the safer the city is. This variable was also transformed and normalized.

Finally, the two variables were combined to create a safety score for each city.