Oklahoma – One of the states associated with the Great Plains, cattle drives and agriculture, Oklahoma was a 20th century admission to the Union. Its name is derived from Native American languages meaning “red people”. The state has a population of 3.9 million which is largely (approximately 2/3rds) located in the two main population centers of Oklahoma City and Tulsa. It ranks 35th in terms of its population density.
Oklahoma’s economy is based heavily around agriculture and livestock. At one time oil production was a major source of revenue but this suffered badly in late 20th century downturns. Today aviation, electronics, bioscience and food processing, are all major contributors to the state’s income. Household incomes in Oklahoma average $50,000 – approximately 15% below US average. The per capita income figure of $26,000 is approximately 20% below US overall figures.
Oklahoma’s crime figures are roughly comparable to US averages:
- It’s the 28th safest state for property crime (where 1st = lowest crime)
- The state’s violent crime rate is slightly above national averages with a ratio of 1.08 based upon 3.75 violent crimes per 1,000 versus the national average figure of 3.47.
- Property crime is slightly under the national level at 29.45 against the national level of 40.43 – giving a ratio of 0.73
Some locations in Oklahoma show low crime statistics. In statistical terms, the top 5 safest areas of the state include:
- El Reno
Safest Cities in Oklahoma, 2019
|Rank||City||Violent Crimes||Property Crimes||Violent Crime Rate||Property Crime Rate|
To identify the safest cities in Oklahoma, we reviewed the most recent FBI Uniform Crime Report statistics. A total of 7,639 cities were factored into this ranking with populations ranging from 7,639 to 4,007,147. However, we eliminated any cities that failed to submit a complete crime report to the FBI and removed cities with populations under 10,000.
Overall, data from 8,793 law enforcement agencies that represented more 193 million of the US population helped us draw interesting insights between the size of the police force and incidence of crime.
There are two broad classifications of crimes: violent crimes and non-violent crimes. According to the FBI, “Violent crime is composed of four offenses: murder and non-negligent manslaughter, rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. Violent crimes are defined in the UCR Program as those offenses that involve force or threat of force. Property crime includes the offenses of burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson. The object of the theft-type offenses is the taking of money or property, but there is no force or threat of force against the victims. ”
We computed the total number of crimes reported by each city by adding violent crimes and property crimes. We then rated them using the population of the city and created a crime rate as the number of crimes per 1,000 population. Then we transformed the total crime rate variable so that the skewness was reduced and we normalized it so the final number became a score between 0 and 1.
Next, we computed a new variable called Police Adequacy (TotalCrimes / Number of police employees). We consider that the smaller the police adequacy statistic is, the safer the city is. We transformed and normalized this police adequacy variable also, resulting in a score between 0 and 1. Finally, we combined the two scores to create a safety score for each city.