Oregon – A western Pacific state, Oregon is famous for its countryside and leisure opportunities as well as its timber industry. The state also has a worldwide reputation for its liberal lifestyle and laws. Geographically the state is highly varied with forests, rivers, coastlines, mountains and volcanoes. Oregon’s population tallies around 4.1 million. The population density is low and the state ranks 39th in the US.
State wealth historically was based around fishing, hydroelectricity and timber plus mining. More recently it has become known as a center for high-technology. Tourism and leisure are also significant industries. It ranks the 25th state in terms of GDP, however, around 21% of the population uses food stamps and in 2016, unemployment was above US averages. Household average income levels compare well to US overall averages. Household income at $60,000 and per capita at $32,000 are both at - or close to - national averages.
Oregon’s crimes statistics are impressive:
- It’s the 32nd safest state for property crime (where 1st = lowest crime)
- Violent crime is recorded at a ratio 0.72 with 2.5 crimes per 1,000 versus a national average of 3.47 making it the 15th safest state for violent crime
- Property crime levels are 31.41 per 1,000 compared to the national average of 40.43 – giving a ratio of 0.72.
The top 5 safest areas include:
- Lake Oswego
Safest Cities in Oregon, 2019
|Rank||City||Violent Crimes||Property Crimes||Violent Crime Rate||Property Crime Rate|
To identify the safest cities in Oregon, we reviewed the most recent FBI Uniform Crime Report statistics. A total of 7,639 cities were factored into this ranking with populations ranging from 7,639 to 4,007,147. However, we eliminated any cities that failed to submit a complete crime report to the FBI and removed cities with populations under 10,000.
Overall, data from 8,793 law enforcement agencies that represented more 193 million of the US population helped us draw interesting insights between the size of the police force and incidence of crime.
There are two broad classifications of crimes: violent crimes and non-violent crimes. According to the FBI, “Violent crime is composed of four offenses: murder and non-negligent manslaughter, rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. Violent crimes are defined in the UCR Program as those offenses that involve force or threat of force. Property crime includes the offenses of burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson. The object of the theft-type offenses is the taking of money or property, but there is no force or threat of force against the victims. ”
We computed the total number of crimes reported by each city by adding violent crimes and property crimes. We then rated them using the population of the city and created a crime rate as the number of crimes per 1,000 population. Then we transformed the total crime rate variable so that the skewness was reduced and we normalized it so the final number became a score between 0 and 1.
Next, we computed a new variable called Police Adequacy (TotalCrimes / Number of police employees). We consider that the smaller the police adequacy statistic is, the safer the city is. We transformed and normalized this police adequacy variable also, resulting in a score between 0 and 1. Finally, we combined the two scores to create a safety score for each city.